What is honey?
Honey is a thick, golden liquid produced by honey bees, using plant nectar.
Why do bees make honey?
As honey bees don’t hibernate (they stay awake in their hives), they make honey as a way of storing food to eat over the winter when they are unable to forage and there are fewer flowers from which to gather food. Honey is ideal for bees as it’s full of nutrients and provides a source of energy.
How do bees make honey?
Bees start making honey by collecting nectar from flowers. If left in its natural state nectar would ferment so bees evaporate most of the water content converting it into honey. They then deposit it into a honeycomb cell in the hive and the bees fan the watery honey with their wings until most of the water evaporates and it becomes thick and golden. They then seal the top of the honeycomb with wax, so that they can eat it later.
Bees always make more honey than they need which means there is more left over, so we can have some too!